Isaiah foretold the coming of the son, the son Emmanuel…
But just who is this. IF we read Isaiah 7:10-14 to mean the coming of Jesus, which is what we await this advent season, then King Ahaz had to wait almost 750 years before the siege ended on his city and the prophecy came true. Did Isaiah really mean that Jerusalem would be under siege for that long? I do not think so. And also in Chapter 9 of Isaiah, we see a prophecy of a coming ruler, whose name will be Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Is this a foretelling of the coming of Jesus. Well in the light of the time, no. It can not be a prophecy of the coming if Jesus. These names are merely names given by the parents of the new king. This king will be a ruler beyond the reaches of any ruler before him. He will be the ideal Davidic King and will fulfill the promise that God has made to David, seen in 2 Samuel 7 and 23 and Psalm 89. David will have an ancestor sit on his throne who will be the son of God. We also see this in Psalm 22:7. But does this mean this is Jesus. No. This passage from Isaiah 9 was used as a rite of accession to the throne for each new King of Judah. It was said because the Judean’s lived in a hope. A hope that God would be faithful to his promise and fulfill the ancestorage of David with a great king. No king ever held up to this, but this passage was used to inaugurate each new ruler with the hope that this was the one. The names given to him where like the names given to Pharaoh’s of the Middle kingdom of Egypt. These Pharaohs were each given 5 great names as they ascended to their thrones. The king in Isaiah 9 is not divine or identified as God by being called mighty God, but is given this as one of the great names, and is better translated as godlike hero. These are merely names given to an ascending king, as the Judean’s hope this is the fulfillment of God’s promise to David.
However we as Christians can still take some hope from this passage. In this time of Advent as we await the coming of Jesus, the fulfillment of our Hope, Faith, and Love, we can read this passage from Isaiah and see in it the prophecy of the Messiah, Jesus Christ. You see no other king from the Lineage of David fulfilled this prophecy. Only Jesus, the Christ, the Messiah, the Chosen one of God, the “King of the Jews” fulfilled this prophecy. We can have the hope that the Judean’s did, and know that our king is coming, our wonderful counselor, our mighty God, our everlasting Father, and our Prince of Peace, is not only with us, but is coming, in Paul’s already but not yet kingdom of God. We have the hope of his first coming, and the faith he gave us by being faithful to a death, yes even a death on the cross, and the love only he could have given us, through his sacrifice. Yet we still live in the hope of his coming to the completion of the kingdom, when the fulfillment of God’s kingdom is seen.
Live in the promise and hope of the season, and know that while the Old Testament Prophecies of the Messiah had a different meaning then, they still point to the one we hope in, Jesus our Savior and redeemer.